Agriculture in China

History of agriculture in China

In 1949, the structure of social production and national income of China's agriculture accounted for about 70%. During the years of post-revolutionary development of the relative importance of agriculture has decreased, but its position as a primary sector of the economy remained, it remains the main supplier of raw materials for light industry (70%). Employment in rural areas is 313 million, and with the families of some 850 million people., Which is 6 times higher than in Russia, Japan, England, France, Germany, Italy, Mexico combined.

The scale of production agriculture of China is one of the largest in the world. One of the main features of agriculture is a constant shortage of land. Of the 320 million hectares of cultivated land can be used only 224 million hectares, while arable land area is about 110 million hectares, accounting for about 7% of the global arable land.more..

Silk

With the world met Chinese silk more than 2000 years ago - on the "Silk Road", he was taken out to the outside world. Chinese products made of natural silk is still waiting for the border.

The main exporters - seven countries: USA, UAE, India, Italy, Hong Kong, Japan and the UK. In the first ten months of 2008, exports to the U.S. fell more than 18%. A growth rate of exports to Brazil remained the largest - 53.55%.more..

Chenesse tea

Giving the world tea, China is still the world leader in the export volume of this plant. Today, China is exporting tea products in 116 countries.

In general, it should be noted that China's position in the international tea market is quite weak. Although the country is unconditional and first place in terms of acreage and production of tea plantations, only 25% of the total tea production is exported. It is also interesting to note the fact that China's annual production of tea, worth about $4.4 billion - at the time, both in the UK only tea "Lipton" is made in the amount of $3.37 billion (almost 2/3 of the cost of production of tea products in China ).more..